Toyota Automobiles

Toyota Automobiles

Toyota The Early Years

According to Wikipedia, Toyota Motor Co. was established as an independent and separate company in 1937. Although the founding family’s name was written in the Kanji “豊田” (rendered as “Toyoda”), the company name was changed to a similar word in katakana – トヨタ (rendered as “Toyota”) because the latter has 8 strokes which is regarded as a lucky number in East Asian culture.


During the Pacific War (World War II) the company was dedicated to truck production for the Imperial Japanese Army. Because of severe shortages in Japan, military trucks were kept as simple as possible. For example, the trucks had only one headlight in the center of the hood. The war ended shortly before a scheduled Allied bombing run on the Toyota factories in Aichi.

1947 Toyopet Model SA

Postwar Growth

After World War II, Japan experienced extreme economic difficulty. Commercial passenger car production started in 1947 with the model SA. The company was on the brink of bankruptcy by the end of 1949, but the company eventually obtained a loan from a consortium of banks which stipulated an independent sales operation and elimination of “excess manpower”.

1957 Toyopet Crown

In June 1950, the company produced only 300 trucks and was on the verge of going out of business. The management announced layoffs and wage reductions, and in response the union went on a strike that lasted two months. The strike was resolved by an agreement that included layoffs and pay reductions but also the resignation of the president at the time, Kiichiro Toyoda. Toyoda was succeeded by Taizo Ishida, who was the chief executive of the Toyoda Automatic Loom company. The first few months of the Korean War resulted in an order of over 5,000 vehicles from the US military, and the company was revived. Ishida was credited for his focus on investment in equipment. One example was the construction of the Motomachi Plant in 1959, which gave Toyota a decisive lead over Nissan during the 1960s.


In 1950, a separate sales company, Toyota Motor Sales Co., was established (which lasted until July 1982). In April 1956, the Toyopet dealer chain was established. In 1957, the Crown became the first Japanese car to be exported to the United States and Toyota’s American and Brazilian divisions, Toyota Motor Sales Inc.and Toyota do Brasil S.A., were also established.

Global Presence

Toyota began to expand in the 1960s with a new research and development facility, a presence in Thailand was established, the 10 millionth model was produced, a Deming Prize, and partnerships with Hino Motors and Daihatsu were also established. The first Toyota built outside Japan was in April 1963, at Melbourne, Australia. From 1963 until 1965, Australia was Toyota’s biggest export market. By the end of the decade, Toyota had established a worldwide presence, as the company had exported its one-millionth unit.


The first Japanese vehicles to arrive in North America were five Land Cruisers in El Salvador in May 1953.


The first Toyotas sent to Europe were two Toyopet Tiaras sent to Finland for evaluation in June 1962, but no sales followed. The first European importer was Erla Auto Import A/S of Denmark, who brought in 190 Crowns following a May 1963 agreement to become the distributor for Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The Netherlands followed in May 1964, and after having established toeholds in countries with little or no indigenous automobile production other markets followed in 1966. In 1968 Toyota established its first European CKDassembler, Salvador Caetano I.M.V.T. of Portugal.


With high fuel prices and a weak US economy in mid 2008, Toyota reported a double-digit decline in sales for the month of June, similar to figures reported by the Detroit Big Three. For Toyota, these were attributed mainly to slow sales of its Tundra pickup, as well as shortages of its fuel-efficient vehicles such as the Prius, Corolla and Yaris. In response, the company has announced plans to idle its truck plants, while shifting production at other facilities to manufacture in-demand vehicles.


In January 2010, Toyota suspended sales of eight recalled vehicle models to fix accelerator pedals with mechanical problems that could cause them to become stuck. In December 2012, Toyota announced an agreement worth more than US$1 billion to settle a lawsuit involving unintended acceleration in some of its vehicles.






Toyota Auto Repair Shop

Toyota Brake Service

Toyota Air Conditioning – Cooling System

Toyota Shocks & Struts Replacement

Toyota Regular Maintenance

Toyota Oil Change & Fluids (Oil, Lube & Filter)

Toyota Tire Rotation

Toyota Tune-up (Maintenance Tune up)

Toyota Complete Engine Diagnostics

Toyota Preventative Maintenance

Toyota Pre-Purchase Inspections

Toyota Automobiles

Toyota Current Models (Outside of Japan)

Current Vehicles (Outside of Japan)
Model Year introduced Current Model Vehicle information
Introduction / Update (Facelift)
AURION 2006 2011 / 2014 Based on Toyota Camry, sold in Australia and New Zealand.
AVALON 1994 2012 / 2015 Sold in Canada, Middle East, Puerto Rico, South Korea and the United States. Flagship sedan of Toyota in Canada, Middle East, Puerto Rico and the United States.
AVENSIS 1997 2009 / 2015 Sold in Europe.
CAMRY 1982 2017 The latest Camry will be launched in Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, and other countries by the end of 2017 or the beginning of 2018. In North America the sales began in late July 2017.
COROLLA (International)
/ COROLLA (North America)
1966 2013 C-segment sedan sold worldwide except Hong Kong, Japan, Macao and South Korea. There are two different styling models for international and North American markets respectively. Hybrid electronic variant is sold in China. Marketed as Corolla Altis in some parts of Asia, including Southeast Asian markets.
CROWN 1955 2012 Sold in select Asian markets.
ETIOS 2010 2010 Sold in India since 2010, Brazil and South Africa since 2012.
LEVIN 2014 2014 / 2017 Variant of Corolla sold in China.
MIRAI 2015 2015 Available in Europe (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Norway, UK), North America, and the UAE.
PRIUS 1997 2016 Sold worldwide in 93 countries.
VIOS 2002 2013 B-segment sedan produced primarily for emerging markets in the Asia Pacific region.
AGYA 2013 2013 / 2017 Daihatsu Ayla, marketed under Toyota as Toyota Agya, Toyota Wigo in the Philippines and Sri Lanka.
AURIS 2006 2012 Sold as Corolla Hatchback in Australia and New Zealand, Corolla iM in North America.
AYGO 2005 2014 Sold in Europe.
2011 (Etios Liva)
2014 (Etios Cross)
2011 (Etios Liva)
2014 (Etios Cross)
Hatchback variant of Toyota Etios. Etios Liva is sold in Indonesia as Etios Valco. Etios Cross is a crossover variant based on Etios Liva.
PRIUS C 2011 2011 Toyota Aqua outside Japan.
YARIS (International)
YARIS (Asia)
1999 2011 (XP130)
2013 (XP150)
XP130 is sold internationally, and XP150 is sold in Asian market including China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. China also sells the Vios based variant called Yaris L.
Sports Car
86 2012 2012 Sold worldwide under different brands with respective model names: Toyota 86 in Asia, Australia, North America (from August 2016), South Africa and South America; GT86 in Europe; both of the preceding names in New Zealand; FT86 in Jamaica and Nicaragua; FR-S in Canada and the US. After the Scion brand was discontinued in August 2016, the FR-S was renamed as the Toyota 86.
ALPHARD 2002 2015 Sold in Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brunei, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Oman, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Thailand.
AURIS TOURING SPORTS 2012 2012 Sold in Europe.
AVANZA 2003 2011 / 2015 OEM manufactured Daihatsu Xenia. Avanza is sold in Bangladesh, Brunei, Caribbean, Indonesia, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico, Middle East, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and various other African countries.
AVENSIS WAGON 1997 2009 / 2015 Sold in Europe.
CALYA 2016 2016 Rebadged Daihatsu Sigra. Sold in Indonesia.
INNOVA 2004 2015 Sold as Kijang Innova in Indonesia. Also sold in Brunei, India (replacing the Qualis), Jamaica, Kuwait, Malaysia (replacing the Unser), Oman, the Philippines (replacing the Revo), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Taiwan (replacing the Zace Surf), Thailand, UAE and Vietnam (replacing Zace).
NAV1 2001 2017 Export version of Toyota Noah to Indonesia.
PRIUS V 2011 2011 Sold as Prius α in Asia (Prius Alpha in Singapore), Prius+ in Europe (Grand Prius+ in Belgium, Prius Wagon in the Netherlands).
SIENNA 1997 2010 / 2015 Sold in Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Kuwait, Mexico, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Panama, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, UAE, United States and Yemen.
SIENTA 2003 2015 Sold in Hong Kong, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand.
PREVIA 1990 2006 / 2016 Sold as Tarago in Australia and New Zealand.
VERSO 2009 2009 Sold in China, Europe, Israel and South Africa.
WISH 2003 2009 / 2013 Sold in Hong Kong and Singapore.
SUV / Crossover
4RUNNER 1984 2009 / 2013 Sold in Bahamas, Canada, Central America, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and the United States.
FORTUNER 2005 2015 Sold worldwide except China, Europe, Japan, North America, and South Korea, where medium pick-up based SUV segment is provided by Land Cruiser Prado (Australasia, China and Europe), Hilux Surf (Japan) and 4Runner (North America). However, in some Central and South American countries and New Zealand, Toyota offers the Fortuner alongside the 4Runner and Land Cruiser Prado, like in Colombia or Panama.
HIGHLANDER 2000 2014 / 2016 Sold as Toyota Kluger in Australia.
LAND CRUISER (off-road oriented) / LAND CRUISER (comfort oriented) 1951 1984 (J70)
2007 (J200) 1999 (J70)
2015 (J200)
As of 2016, the Land Cruiser J200 is available in most markets, except Canada, Hong Kong, Malaysia (of whose markets have the Lexus LX available), North Korea, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and large parts of Europe. In Europe, the only countries that officially sell the Land Cruiser 200 are: Andorra, Gibraltar, Iceland, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.
LAND CRUISER PRADO 1984 2009 / 2015 As of 2014, it is available in every Toyota market, except Canada and the US (both available as the Lexus GX), Mexico, and South Korea.
RAV4 1994 2013 / 2015 Sold worldwide in over 200 countries except Japan.
RUSH 1997 2006 Rebadged Daihatsu Terios, available in Indonesia and Malaysia.
SEQUOIA 2001 2008 / 2018 As of 2017, the Sequoia is sold in Bahrain, Canada, Costa Rica, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United States (all regions) and Yemen in LHD only.
Truck / Van
HIACE 1967 2004 Sold as Commuter and Ventury in Thailand, Pitbull in Kenya, Quantum in South Africa, Chery H5, Higer KLQ6540, Jiangnan JNQ6495D1, JinBei Hiace/Haise/H2, Jincheng Hiace, Joylong A4-A6 in China, HiAce Awing in the Middle East, Farid Placer in Malaysia, Hiace GL Grandia/Super Grandia in Zimbabwe, HiAce Commuter in the Philippines.
PROACE 1994 2016 Rebadged Citroën Jumpy.
TACOMA 1995 2016 Sold in Bolivia, Canada, Chile, the French territory of New Caledonia, Mexico, Panama, and the United States.
TUNDRA 2000 2007 / 2014 Sold in Bolivia, Canada, Chile, the French territory of New Caledonia (in LHD only), Honduras, Mexico, Panama, and the United States.
COASTER 1969 1993 / 2007  
DYNA 1959 2011